12 Principles of Agile Development – Project Management
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The Agile Development methodology is considered the finest approach to developing projects in the present time. The need for efficiency, more work in less time with the required accuracy in software development has only become more important.
The Agile manifesto provides 12 principles of agile development that must be adhered to attain the best of the methodology. Here we enlist the 12 principles.
1. Highest priority is satisfying the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software
As the Agile manager it, is expected of you tobring forth solutions that assists the customers. Thus, reducing the time inthe documentation of the project, its reports a reception is necessary. Thiskind of reduction in the time Shifts the focus to the rather crucial aspect ofthe job which is the development of the product. This shall be done accordingto the requirement of the customer. This brings efficiency and customersatisfaction.
2.Welcome changing requirements, even late in development.
Agile management methodology, unlike theconventional methodologies, allows the possibility to make changes even if thechanges come up late in the development phase. It gives flexibility for necessarymodifications and additions in the functionalities. The only requirement thatcomes up is that you minimize the time that goes in implementing the change.
3.Delivering working software frequently
In its attempt to minimize time, Agile putsthe least emphasis on documentation and planning and shifts all the focus tothe development. This is a radical shift from conventional managementmethodology. What it does is that it speeds up the delivery of projects,inherently increasing productivity.
4. Dailyteamwork between Business people and developers is a must throughout theproject
Agile understands the gap that exists betweendevelopers and business people. This gap needs to be bridged and both the teamsneed to collaborate and work in synchrony with each other.
This form of coherence between the two teamson a regular basis allows better exchange of ideas, avoidance ofmiscommunication and effective decision making. Task management software canalso be used for this purpose.
5.Buildingprojects around motivated individuals, providing the needed environment andsupport and putting Trust in individuals
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Basically, Agile is against micromanagement.If you hired the resource people with the right skill set and work ethic, it isexpected of you to let them do their best work. General monitoring isacceptable however unnecessary interference is not. The idea is to have teamsthat are self reliant and self directed in their approach. It is important thatproject managers trust their teams to carry out the project.
6. Faceto Face Conversation is most efficient and effective method of conveyinginformation to and within a development team
Agile methodology puts emphasis uponface-to-face communication regarding the queries, matters pertaining to theproject. As much as technological advancement has accomplished communication,the most immediate form of interaction is irreplaceable. One cannot wait forreplies of emails. In turn it simply implies that the teams need to work in thesame physical environment to be able to have immediate interactions.
7. A complete and Working software is primary measure of progress.
The Agile methodology sees the progress of the software or the subject of your project to be the determinant of the progress. The checkbox in the schedule or timeline is not seen as a measure of progress. This shifts the focus primarily on the ultimate goal of the project. It also makes the work for the managers far more flexible reducing unnecessary documentation or report from the process.
8. Agile processes promote sustainable development.
Faster project completions are a major priority in the Agile methodology. It is necessary that consistency in the pace of the work is maintained by each team. If you spend too much time on the same project it is possible for you to exhaust creatively and get bored. The idea that Agile promotes is that the teams work consistently and not overexert themselves in the process. The overbearing can affect the quality of the work.
9.Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design.
As much as refined codes are favorable for anydevelopment project it is not necessary to go back an do so in the Agilemethodology. Code Refining occurs automatically with each iteration. The ideais to attain the product with the apt technical inputs and design. For betterresults and ease of process, the use of Scrum tools is most recommended.
10.Simplicity is essential.
The Agile methodology aims at reducing the time that goes in the process of things. One of the key factors to this is maintaining simplicity. By not spending too much time in comprehension of things or the process, you remove the complexities that interfere with the completion of projects. Project Management Softwares are excellent to track the progress that individuals make in the work that they undertake.
11.The best results emerge from self-organizing teams.
In the Agile methodology, the teams have the autonomy to act upon hurdles that they may encounter in their work. The self directed teams do not require the interference or engagement of the manager or any authority. The self organizing factor makes them accountable for their decisions and problems. The job of the manager is to trust the team with its decisions and ideas and be supportive of the team from the outside.
12.Reflect on how to become more effective at regular intervals
It is necessary that the flaws and issues that are faced in the process be addressed by the end of each individual sprint. The addressed issues should be met when a new project is undertaken and it must be ensured that the team bears certain lessons from its past mistakes. The Agile methodology encourages healthy discussions, feedback and suggestions after each sprint for improvement. This retrospection shall be conducted in an environment that is inclusive, secure and well received.
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